Mulch is defined as a layer put to the surface of a farm for reasons like weed control, soil water conservation and boost soil fertility. Mulch have the following benefits.
Obviously, many farmers opt for mulch to conserve the soil moisture and allow normal growth of plant despite the harsh weather condition. Once mulch has been applied in the garden, it regulate the soil temperature and reduces the rate of soil water evaporation. Organic mulch is very important to agriculture sector because, despite the climate, a farmer is able to carry on his/her farming activities. Temperature of the soil moist is reduced to the point of converting to water before it escapes into the atmosphere.
The top fertile soil is usually protected from all forms of soil erosion through rainwater or wind. The top fertile soil is usually loose and vulnerable to all types of soil erosion. Soil erosion causes the farm to become barren because of the lack of fertile topsoil. Soil barrenness can cause a farm to be unproductive leading to famine and hunger. Strong winds are also effective soil erosion agent. The hard pan is left behind after erosion makes tilling a farm so difficult.
The use of mulching on a farm improves the fertility. The decomposition of mulch turns the mulch into manure which increases the soil fertility. Compared to inorganic fertilizers, organic manure is very cheap and affordable. The acidity of the soil can naturally be regulated by the use of mulch which decomposes and alters the soil PH depending on the composition of the plant used as mulch.
Weed control is another benefit of using mulch in your farm. The germination of weed seeds is prevented by mulch. Air, water, warmth, and minerals are some of the necessary requirements of seed germination. In order to effectively prevent weed germination, it is good to use a lot of mulch which can prevent any penetration of air.
Fifthly, mulch is very cheap and affordable to almost all farmers. Organic mulch is readily available from the dead plants and you can even decide to make your own mulch by collecting dead plants and putting them on the surface of your farm. Mulch that is sold by various industries are cheap.
Mulch can also be used for decoration apart from farming purposes. You can use beautiful river stones o mulch trees in your compound. They contain different colors and some are shiny and to add on the beauty of a tree or flowers makes the environment look nice.
Lastly, mulch is environmentally friendly because they decompose very fast as oppose to other methods of farming like the use of fertilizes. Manure from mulch enhance soil aeration and water conservancy.